Hop Varieties and their Brewing Characteristics

English Varieties

Variety Type Range of
Alpha-Acid, ?
Aroma Flavour Intensity
ADMIRAL Tall (Alpha) 13% – 15% High alpha, alternative to Target, less harsh with pleasant hoppy character 8
BOADICEA Hedge 8% – 11% Light floral characters with excellent bittering 5
BRAMLING CROSS Tall (Aroma) 5% – 7% Distinctive strong spicy/goldcurrant flavour 7
CHALLENGER Tall (double usage) 5% – 9% Gives a full bodied rounded bitterness in copper, with crisp fruity strawlike later 6
FIRST GOLD Hedge 6% – 10% Fruity slightly spicy & orangy/citrus notes 6
FUGGLE Tall (Aroma) 3% – 8% Delicate, minty, grassy slightly floral aroma 4
HERALD Hedge 9% – 13% Less harsh alternative to Target, mild grapefruit/citrus 5
GOLDING Tall (Aroma) 4% – 7% Traditional aroma variety, smooth almost sweet delicate slightly spicy 4
NORTHDOWN Tall (double usage) 5% – 10% Dual purpose with Challenger type aroma but richer flavour 6
PHOENIX Tall (Alpha) 8% – 12% Good in copper as bittering hop but only very mellow aromas come through 3
PIONEER Hedge 7% – 11% Unusual pleasant lemon/grapefruit citrus aroma distinctively hoppy 8
PILGRIM Tall 7% – 11% Unusual pleasant lemon/grapefruit citrus aroma distinctively hoppy 6
PROGRESS Tall (Aroma) 4% – 7% Slightly sweeter alternative to Fuggle with softer bitterness 4
TA 200 Hedge 5% – 7% Golding flavour with a light floral, citrus twist 4
TARGET Tall (Alpha) 8% – 10% Excellent high alpha at competitive price, slightly harsh for aroma 8
WGV Tall (Aroma) 5% – 8% Similar to Golding but more robust and higher alpha 4

Flavour Intensity
1 = No flavour
5 = Medium intensity
10 = Very strong flavour

 

New Varieties – Hedge (2.5 metres tall)

Variety Type Range of
Alpha-Acid, ?
Aroma Flavour Intensity
GILL Hedge 11% – 13% High alpha with heavy resinous hoppy character 7
HILARY Hedge 9% – 10.5% Robust full and rounded with refreshing spicy aroma 5
JEANETTE Hedge 6% Delicate, clean & refreshing, slightly floral 4
JENNY Hedge 9.8% Aniseed/liquorice combine in a well balanced hop 4
JOAN Hedge 9.8% Powerful & fruity lovely citrus notes with hint of liquorice 5
IRENE (XG38) Hedge 10% – 13% Woody, citrus aroma with high alpha 6
KATE (SW199) Hedge 10% – 13% Resinous sharp bitterness, light citrus aroma 6
RUTH Hedge 10% Traditional WGV type with hints of lavender 3
PILOT (ROS) Hedge 9% – 10% Delicate aroma with hints of lemon & fresh mown grass 5
SUSAN (93/50) Hedge 9% Fresh flowers with hints of lemon spices clean & aromatic 5

Flavour Intensity
1 = No flavour
5 = Medium intensity
10 = Very strong flavour

Czech Varieties

Variety Type Range of
Alpha-Acid, ?
Aroma Flavour Intensity
SAAZ Tall (Aroma) 3% – 6% Traditional noble European aroma variety, delicate earthy hop flavour 4

Flavour Intensity
1 = No flavour
5 = Medium intensity
10 = Very strong flavour

 

French Varieties

Variety Type Range of
Alpha-Acid, ?
Aroma Flavour Intensity
STRISSELSPALT Tall (Aroma) 2% – 5% Delicate aroma hop for lager or lighter cask ales 4

Flavour Intensity
1 = No flavour
5 = Medium intensity
10 = Very strong flavour

German Varieties

Variety Type Range of
Alpha-Acid, ?
Aroma Flavour Intensity
BREWERS GOLD Tall (Alpha) 5% – 9% High resin gives well balanced bitterness, fruity spicy character 8
HALLERTAU (MITTELFRÜH) Tall (Aroma) 4% – 6% Delicate aroma for lager or lighter cask ales 3
HALLERTAU HERSBRUCKER Tall (Aroma) 2% – 5% Delicate aroma hop for lager or lighter cask ales 4
NORTHERN BREWER Tall (double usage) 6% – 10% Dual purpose similar to Northdown which was bred from it, pleasant aroma 5
PERLE Tall (double usage) 6% – 10% Light lager hop with fruit, high alpha & good storage 5
SPALT Tall (Aroma) 3% – 5% Classic lager aroma hop 5
TETTNANG Tall (Aroma) 3% – 6% Traditional European lager aroma hop, also used in light cask ales 6

Flavour Intensity
1 = No flavour
5 = Medium intensity
10 = Very strong flavour

Slovenian Varieties

Variety Type Range of
Alpha-Acid, ?
Aroma Flavour Intensity
STYRIAN GOLDINGS Tall (Alpha) 3% – 6% Distinctive perfume pine/lemon/citrus hoppy character 9
SUPER STYRIAN Tall (Aroma) 6% – 10% Higher alpha with aroma similar to Styrian Golding but much lighter 6

Flavour Intensity
1 = No flavour
5 = Medium intensity
10 = Very strong flavour
American Varieties

Variety Type Range of
Alpha-Acid, ?
Aroma Flavour Intensity
AHTANUM Tall (Aroma) 5% – 7% Distinctive unusual floral aroma 7
AMARILLO Tall 7% – 10% Very well balanced and rounded, fruity and floral 7
BREWERS GOLD Tall 7% – 9% Very refreshing spicy and fruity 8
BULLION Tall 8% – 10% Blackcurrant and spicy fruit in this very old hop variety originally used by Guinness as it’s main hop 7
CASCADE Tall (Aroma) 3% – 7% Very floral and spicy, gives a very smooth bittering quality even at high hop rates 9
CENTENNIAL Tall (Alpha) 6% – 11% Floral qualities with delicate citrus notes 7
CHINOOK Tall (Alpha) 11% – 13% High alpha with very strong grapefruit character 8
CLUSTER Tall 6% – 9% Well balanced bittering with deep fruity hop aroma 6
COLUMBUS (TOMAHAWK) Tall (Alpha) 14% – 17% Very high alpha used mainly in copper but also good citrus sherbet aroma if used late 8
CRYSTAL Tall (Aroma) 4% – 6% Aroma hop with delicate flavour and hints of tangerine 4
FUGGLES Tall (Aroma) 3% – 6% Grassy and minty with an American twist 5
GALENA Tall (Alpha) 3% – 6% High alpha & blackcurrant aroma gives strong fruity character 7
GOLDING Tall 3% – 7% Spicy and sweet with an American twist 5
HALLERTAU MITTELFRÜH Tall 2% – 5% Light hoppiness with grassy, spicey notes 5
LIBERTY Tall (Aroma) 3% – 6% Spicy, with hint of lemon/citrus 5
MOUNT HOOD Tall (Aroma) 3% – 6% Floral and slightly herbal character 6
NUGGET Tall (Alpha) 11% – 15% High alpha with resinous hoppy aroma 6
PERLE Tall 6% – 9% Full and fruity 7
SANTIAM Tall (Aroma) 5% – 7% Delicate German lager hop aroma 4
SIMCOE Tall 12% – 14% In your face resinous and citrussy 8
STERLING Tall (Aroma) 6% – 9% USA answer to Saaz, earthy with light hoppy flavours 5
WILLAMETTE Tall (Aroma) 3% – 6% Estery blackcurrant and herbal aroma 6

Flavour Intensity
1 = No flavour
5 = Medium intensity
10 = Very strong flavour

New Zealand Varieties

Variety Type Range of
Alpha-Acid, ?
Aroma Flavour Intensity
GREENBULLET Tall (Alpha) 11% – 15% High alpha but with Styrian type pine lemon crispness and excellent aroma 8
HALLERTAUER AROMA Tall 7% – 11% Bred from Mittlefruh, has a floral, vanilla flavour, excellent for lighter beers 4
PACIFIC GEM Tall (Alpha) 13% – 18% High alpha with distinctive berryfruit flavour 5
PACIFIC HALLERTAU Tall (Aroma) 3% – 6% New triploid from Mittlefruh in classic aroma style 5
SAAZ ‘B’ Tall (Aroma) 5% – 8% Triploid seedling of Czech Saaz – a more pronounced Saaz flavour with the hoppy earthy character 5

Flavour Intensity
1 = No flavour
5 = Medium intensity
10 = Very strong flavour

Australian Varieties

Variety Type Range of
Alpha-Acid, ?
Aroma Flavour Intensity
PRIDE OF RINGWOOD Tall 10% – 14% High alpha and hoppy fruit flavours 7

Flavour Intensity
1 = No flavour
5 = Medium intensity
10 = Very strong flavour


 

All Information supplied by,
and reproduced with the kind permission of:
Charles Faram & Co Ltd
The Hopstore
Monksfield Lane
Newland
Nr Malvern
Worcester
WR13 5BB
England
Telephone: 0044 (0) 1905 830 734
Fax: 0044 (0) 1905 831 790
e-mail: charles.faram@btclick.com